Recent papers from the ArMedEa project

The Armedea project has published other two papers recently.

Forlin, Valente, Kàzmèr 2018Assessing earthquake effects on archaeological sites using photogrammetry and 3D model analysisDigital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, Volume 9


This paper evaluates the application of photogrammetric recording to seismically-affected archaeological sites from the moment of on-site data acquisition through to the analysis of the resulting 3D model. This methodology facilitates (i) rapid but accurate recording of seismically-damaged archaeological contexts, (ii) three-dimensional reconstructions, (iii) the documentation of archeological features (e.g. plans, sections, elevations), and (iv) the extraction of additional information and data for archaeoseismological analysis (DEMs, for instance). Not only is greater detail observed using these methods but it can also be quantified at a distance from the target site, thereby extending the researcher’s time in the field. 3D photogrammetry and modelling also reduce the risk that small but significant features such as seismic fractures and deformations are overlooked.

This paper draws on evidence from two case studies of the EU-funded ArMedEa project, namely the Islamic fortified village of El Castillejo (Guajar Faragüit, Granada, Spain) and the crusader castle of Saranda Kolones (Paphos, Cyprus).


Forlin, Gerrard 2017, The archaeology of earthquakes: The application of adaptive cycles to seismically-affected communities in late medieval EuropeQuaternary International, 446:95-108

Screen Shot 2018-05-21 at 17.28.13
Biccherna by Francesco di Giorgio Martini depicting tents and wooden barracks surrounding Siena al tenpo de tremuoti (at the time of the earthquake) in 1467.

Among the topics less well studied are those tactics elaborated by past societies to cope with the damage caused by earthquakes and to increase their preparedness for future seismic events. In this paper we apply resilience theory (Holling and Gunderson, 2002; Redman and Kinzig, 2003; Redman, 2005) which emphasises the chaîne operatoire (‘chain of actions’) put in place by medieval communities and we use a modern risk assessment workflow to assess the range of the strategies adopted (Smith and Petley, 2009). In particular, the importance of a multi-disciplinary perspective is underlined, one which integrates diverse sources of information ranging from archaeological to geological, historical, architectural, iconographical and ethnographical data. A unifying approach which combines evidence from the humanities and natural sciences in a common framework is fundamental in order to evaluate fully the diversity of responses adopted. Illustrative case studies are drawn from well-documented events for which fresh evidence has been gathered for the ArMedEa project.

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